Here what a person says appears within quotation marks ("...") and should be word for word.
She said, "Today's lesson is on presentations."
"Today's lesson is on presentations," she said.
direct : Vita said “ I eat fried rice”
indirect : Vita said that she ate fried rice.
direct : Mother said “ I went to market yesterday”
indirect : Mother said (that) she had gone to market the day before.
direct : Dave said “ I will buy an i-pod next week’
indirect : Dave said (that) he would buy an i-pod the week after
direct : Gama said “ I’m playing football”
indirect : Gama said he was playing football
Past perfect continuous
direct : She said “ I was teaching earlier”
indirect : She said she had been teaching earlier
my mother said that she got up at 4 o’clock